Terminology

ACCESSORIALS
Surcharges and fees charged for a shipment in addition to transportation charges.

ACMI
Aircraft, Crew, Maintenance, and Insurance – the typical pricing method for charter flights.

ACMS
See AMERIJET CARGO MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

ACTUAL CASH VALUE (ACV)
The replacement cost less depreciation of a particular cargo.

ACTUAL WEIGHT
Weight as measured by a standard scale (rounded up to the nearest pound).

ADVANCE ARRANGEMENTS
The shipper must contact the carrier or carrier’s local representative, prior to tender departure of the shipment.

AREA NO.1
All of the North and South American Continents, Greenland, Bermuda, Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, Trinidad, Bahamas, the Vergin Islands, the Leeward and Windward Islands, the State of Hawaii, Midway Island, Palmyra Island, Central America, Mexico, Panama, Turks & Caicos Islands, and Cayman Islands.

AIR WAYBILL/ AIRBILL (AWB)
Which is equivalent to the term “air consignment note”, means the document entitled “Air Waybill/Consignment Note” made out by or on behalf of the shipper which evidences the contract betweenthe shipper and Carrier for carriage of cargo over routes of the Carrier. See BILL OF LADING.

AIRPORT
A landing area used regularly by aircraft for receiving or discharging cargo and premises adjacent thereto, which is designated by the carrier for acceptance, delivery, and Customs clearance of shipments.

AIRPORT TO AIRPORT
A shipment of cargo that Amerijet accepts at the departure airport, and releases to the consignee or his representative at the destination airport.

AIRPORT TO DOOR
A shipment of cargo that Amerijet accept at the departure airport, and delivers from the destination airport to the premises of the consignee or his representative.

AMERIJET CARGO MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (ACMS)
Amerijet’s internal software for customer data, pricing, reservations, booking, issuing Air Waybills, invoicing, etc.

ARTICLES OF EXTRAORDINARY VALUE (AEV)
Art works; bills of exchange; bonds; bullion or precious metals;currency; deeds; doré bullion; evidences of debt; furs; gems (cut or uncut); gold bullion, coined, uncoined, cyanides, dust, or sullides; jewelry (other than costume jewelry); money; promissory notes; pearls; platinum; securities negotiable; silver bullion, coined, uncoined concentrates, cyanides, precipitates, or sullides; stamps, postage or revenue; stock certificates; or any other individual item with a declared value, invoice value, or appraised value in excess of US$25,000.

AVAILABILITY TIME
The time when a shipment will be ready for pickup.

BILL OF LADING (B/L)
The written transportation contract between the shipper and the Carrier (or their agents). It identifies the freight, who is to receive it, and place of delivery; and gives the terms of the agreement.
See AIR WAYBILL.

BONDED CARRIER
A Carrier that has posted a bond with the government and received a license to carry merchandise and hold it “in bond” in a terminal or warehouse to await Customs clearance for entry into the country where the terminal or warehouse is located, or transshipment to another country. See IN BOND.

BONDED TERMINAL/BONDED WAREHOUSE
A terminal or warehouse where merchandise is stored “in bond” to await Customs clearance for entry into the country where the terminal or warehouse is located, or transshipment to another country. See IN BOND

BOOKING
A firm commitment to purchase transportation services for a specific shipment. It entails scheduling and paying for transportation of the shipment. See RESERVATION.

BREAKBULK
To unpack or divide the parts of a consolidated shipment for distribution or reconsignment.

BULK SHIPMENT
A shipment consisting of loose boxes or pieces that are not containerized, palletized, or wrapped or tied together. Also called LOOSE SHIPMENT.

BUNKER
A ship’s fuel tank, and by extension the fuel that goes into the tank.

BUNKER SURCHARGE
The fuel surcharge for an ocean-freight shipment.

BUYER’S CONSOLIDATION
See EXCLUSIVE USE.

CAPACITY LOAD (CAP LOAD)
A vehicle loaded to the maximum cube or legal weight limit.

CARGO
Equivalent to the term goods, means anything transported by a Carrier in an aircraft, ship, train, or truck, other than mail or baggage; provided that unaccompanied baggage moving under an Air Waybill or Bill of Lading is cargo.

CARNET
A document issued by a Chamber of Commerce that allows the recipient to bring merchandise into a country temporarily for demonstration, display, etc., without paying Customs duties or posting a bond.

CARRIAGE
Transportation of a shipment by a Carrier.
See also, CARRIER

International Carriage
(except when the Warsaw Convention/Montreal Protocol No. 4 is applicable) carriage in which according to the contract of carriage, the place of departure, and any place of landing are situated in more than one State. As used in this definition, the term “State” includes all territory subject to any sovereignty, suzerainty, mandate, authority, or trusteeship thereof. International carriage as defined by the Warsaw Convention/Montreal Protocol No.4 means any carriage in which according to the contract of carriage, the place of departure and the place of destination, whether or not there be a break in the carriage or trans-shipment, are situated either within the territories of a High Contracting Party, or authority of another State, even though that State is not a party to the Convention.

Domestic Carriage
(except as otherwise specified) carriage in which according to the contract of carriage, the place of departure, the place of destination, and the entire transportation are within one sovereign State.

CARRIER
In general, a company in the business of moving property or persons. In an air-freight context, this definition applies to the Carrier issuing an Air Waybill, and to all Carriers that carry or undertake to carry the cargo under such Air Waybill or to perform any other services related to such air carriage.
See COMMON CARRIER.

CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN (CO)
A document stating a commodity’s country of origin (i.e., the country where the item enters international trade). Typically, it’s the country where an item was made, but if an item was processed or assembled in a foreign trade zone, its country of origin is the country from which its raw materials or components came. Thus, an item’s country of origin may not be the same country from which it is being shipped. What an item is, where it enters international trade, and its destination determine whether that item requires a CO.

CFR
Cost and Freight: Seller delivers goods and risk passes to buyer when on board the vessel. Seller arranges and pays cost and freight to the named destination port. A step further than FOB.

CHARGEABLE WEIGHT
The greater of actual (scale) weight or dimensional weight.
See ACTUAL WEIGHT and DIMENSIONAL WEIGHT.

CHARGES COLLECT
The charges entered on the Air Waybill for collection from the consignee.

CHARTER
An aircraft hired by a single customer for exclusive and temporary use. For charter flights, Amerijet typically provides the aircraft, crew, maintenance, and insurance.
See ACMI.

CIF
Cost, Insurance and Freight: Risk passes to buyer when delivered on board the ship. Seller arranges and pays cost, freight and insurance to destination port. Adds insurance costs to CFR.

CIP
Carriage and Insurance Paid To: Seller delivers goods to the carrier at an agreed place, shifting risk to the buyer, but seller pays carriage and insurance to the named place of destination.

CLASS RATE
A rate determined by distance and classification (the base or retail price).

CLASSIFICATION
A publication that assigns ratings to various articles.

C.O.D.(Collect on Delivery)
See COLLECT.

C.O.D. (Cash on Delivery)
Payment in cash is due on delivery for accessorial services/special service charges.

COLLECT
The consignee must pay transportation charges at the destination point.

COMMERCIAL INVOICE
A document, required for Customs clearance, that must accompany all international shipments of non-document commodities. It describes the goods and states their value.
See PRO FORMA INVOICE.

COMMODITY
A tangible good or product that is the subject of sale or barter, i.e., an article of commerce, that is being shipped.

COMMODITY RATE
A rate published to apply on a specific article.

COMMON CARRIER
A transportation company holding itself out to the general public at published rates.
See CARRIER.

CONNECTION TIME
The time required to unload a shipment from one aircraft and load it onto another.

CONSIGNEE (CNEE)
The person or entity to whom the articles are to be shipped. The consignee’s name appears on the Air Waybill or Bill of Lading as the party to whom the Carrier is to deliver the shipment.

CONSIGNMENT
Except as otherwise provided herein, means one or more packages, pieces, or bundles accepted by the Carrier from one shipper at one time and at one address, receipted for in one lot, and moving on one Air Waybill or Bill of Lading to one consignee at one address.
See SHIPMENT.

CONSIGNOR
The party contracting with the Carrier for carriage of the shipment.
See SHIPPER.

CONSOLIDATOR
A company that combines less-than-container loads of cargo from multiple shippers to fill a cargo container for transport.
See LESS-THAN-CONTAINER LOAD (LCL).

CONSULAR INVOICE
A document certified by a destination country’s consular official in the country where a shipment originates, describing the goods being transported and stating their value, for use in the destination country’s Customs clearance process.

CONTAINER
A large metallic box into which multiple smaller boxes or packages are placed to facilitate their transport on an airplane, ship, train, or truck.
See UNIT LOAD DEVICE (ULD).

CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES OR CONTIGUOUS U.S.A.
The District of Columbia and all 48 contiguous United States of America.

CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES OR CONTINENTAL U.S.A.
The District of Columbia and all 48 contiguous United States of America, plus Alaska.

CONTRACT CARRIER
A Carrier hauling under contracts with specific shippers.

CONTRACT RATE
A discount from published rates that a Carrier grants to a shipper in return for a guaranteed volume of freight shipments during the life of the contract. Also called NEGOTIATED RATE.

CONVENTION
Unless the context requires otherwise, the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to International Carriage by Air, signed at Warsaw, October 12, 1929; or that Convention as amended by the Hague Protocol, 1955, whichever may be applicable to carriage hereunder.

CPT
Carriage Paid To: Seller delivers goods to the carrier at an agreed place, shifting risk to the buyer, but seller must pay cost of carriage to the named place of destination.

CUSTOMS
The government agency in each country that regulates, restricts, and assesses duties on goods being imported and exported, and the procedures and practices of a Customs agency.

CUSTOMS CLEARANCE
The process by which Customs officials authorize a shipment originating in another country to enter the destination country.

CUSTOMS CONSIGNEE
Equivalent to the term Customs Clearance Agent, means a Customs Broker or other agent of the consignee designated to perform clearance services for the consignee.

CUSTOMS DECLARATION
An oral or written statement describing and stating the value of goods originating elsewhere and being imported into a destination country.

CUTOFF TIME
The deadline for a shipment to be tendered for a specific flight. Also called DROP TIME.

DANGEROUS GOODS
See HAZARDOUS MATERIALS.

DAYS
Full calendar days, including Sundays and legal holidays; provided that, for purposes of notification, the balance of the day upon which the Air Waybill is issued or flight commenced shall not be counted.

DAT
Delivered at Terminal: Seller bears cost, risk and responsibility until goods are unloaded (delivered) at named quay, warehouse, yard, or terminal at destination. Demurrage or detention charges may apply to seller. Seller clears goods for export, not import. DAT replaces DEQ, DES.

DAP
Delivered at Place: Seller bears cost, risk and responsibility for goods until made available to buyer at named place of destination. Seller clears goods for export, not import. DAP replaces DAF, DDU.

DDP
Delivered Duty Paid: Seller bears cost, risk and responsibility for cleared goods at named place of destination at buyers disposal. Buyer is responsible for unloading. Seller is responsible for import clearance, duties and taxes so buyer is not “importer of record”.

DECLARED VALUE FOR CARRIAGE
The shipper’s statement of the value of goods being shipped, the basis for shipping charges and for the Carrier’s limit of liability for damage, delay, or loss.See VALUATION CHARGE

DECLARED VALUE FOR CUSTOMS
The sale price or replacement cost of the goods. This amount must equal or exceed the declared value for carriage.

DELIVERY RECEIPT
The delivery receipt copy of the freight bill, which the consignee signs at the time of delivery. The Carrier uses this document to establish proof of delivery, and as a legal record that the contract was acted upon.

DELIVERY SERVICE
The surface carriage of inbound consignments from the airport of destination to the address of the consignee or that of their designated agent, or to the custody of the appropriate government agency when required.

DEMURRAGE
Detention of an airplane, ship, truck, or ULD (unit load device) due to a delay beyond the time allowed to load or unload its cargo; and the charge for such a delay.
See UNIT LOAD DEVICE.

DENSITY
Weight per cubic foot.

DIMENSIONAL WEIGHT (DIM WEIGHT)
An estimate of weight based on the cubic space that a shipment occupies (rounded up to the nearest pound).

DIRECT FLIGHT
A flight from origin to destination. It may be non-stop, or have intermediate stops along the way.

DIVERSION
Being sent to land somewhere other than the intended destination.

DOLLY
A platform on wheels, pulled by a tractor, on which containers or pallets are placed for intra-airport transportation.

DOMESTIC RATE
A rate(s) applying between two points within one country.

DOOR TO DOOR
A shipment of cargo that Amerijet picks up and accepts at the premises of a shipper or his representative, transports to the departure airport, and delivers from the destination airport to the premises of the consignee or his representative.

DROP TIME
See CUTOFF TIME.

DUTY
A tax on imports collected by a country’s Customs officials.

ESCORT
An individual accompanying a shipment throughout its journey.

ESTIMATED TIME OF ARRIVAL – (ETA)
The time a flight’s arrival is anticipated, which may differ from its scheduled time of arrival due to operational factors.

ESTIMATED TIME OF DEPARTURE – (ETD)
The time a flight’s departure is anticipated, which may differ from its scheduled time of departure due to operational factors.

EXCHANGE RATE
The rate used to convert an amount in one currency to an amount of equal value in another currency.

EXCEPTION RATING
A rate higher than the general cargo rate for commodities that need special handling, such as live animals, perishables, and human remains.

EXCEPTION CLASS
An exception-rated class of commodities.
See EXCEPTION RATING.

EXCESS VALUE
The amount of declared value on a shipment that exceeds a Carrier’s liability.

EXCLUSIVE USE
A type of consolidation involving a shipper-owned container stationed at a warehouse to receive cargo from various suppliers, all bound for the same consignee. Known in Europe as BUYER’S CONSOLIDATION.

EXPORT CONTROL CLASSIFICATION NUMBER (ECCN)
An alphanumeric code assigned by the U.S. Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security to control the export and reexport of commodities, technology, and software with both civilian and military uses.

EXPORT LICENSE
A government document that gives the recipient permission to export specified goods to certain stated destinations.

EXPORT TRAFFIC
Destined to points outside the United States.

EXW
Ex Works: Seller delivers (without loading) the goods at disposal of buyer at seller’s premises. Long held as the most preferable term for those new-to-export because it represents the minimum liability to the seller. On these routed transactions, the buyer has limited obligation to provide export information to the seller.

FAS
Free Alongside Ship: Risk passes to buyer, including payment of all transportation and insurance costs, once delivered alongside the ship (realistically at named port terminal) by the seller. The export clearance obligation rests with the seller.

FCA
Free Carrier: Seller delivers the goods to the carrier and may be responsible for clearing the goods for export (filing the EEI). More realistic than EXW because it includes loading at pick-up, which is commonly expected, and sellers are more concerned about export violations.

FIRMS CODE
A U.S. Customs location code issued to a bonded warehouse, terminal, or other facility.

FLAT RATE
A set dollar amount to move a shipment from Point A to Point B; not a mileage rate.

FLATBED
A trailer with no sides.

FOREIGN TRADE ZONE (FTZ)
A space within U.S. territory that is considered to be outside the U.S. for Customs purposes. Manufacturing, processing, storage, and display may take place within an FTZ. No duty is due on items imported into an FTZ, held within it, or exported out of it; duty becomes due only when items move out of an FTZ for sale in the U.S. market.

FOB
Free On Board: Risk passes to buyer, including payment of all transportation and insurance costs, once delivered on board the ship by the seller. A step further than FAS.

FREIGHT FORWARDER
One who accepts freight tendered by customers under his own tariff, consolidates it into larger shipments, prepares necessary documents, and contracts with Carriers to transport the shipments.

FULL CONTAINER LOAD (FCL)
An entire cargo container devoted exclusively to one shipper’s cargo.
See LESS-THAN-CONTAINER LOAD.

GATEWAY CITY
The port where cargo in international commerce enters or leaves a country.

GENERAL CARGO
Any consignment except a consignment containing articles of extraordinary value, valuable cargo, or exception-rated commodities.

GCX
It guarantees movement on the next available flight. GCX shipments move at the highest priority.

GOLD BULLION
Means refined or unrefined gold in ingot form, doré bullion, gold specie, and semi-manufactured products of gold (including only grain, sheet, foil, powder, sponge, wire, rod, tube, circles, and castings).

GROSS WEIGHT
The total weight of a shipment, including the cargo, all packing materials, and – if present – a unit load device.

HARMONIZED SYSTEM (HS)
See HARMONIZED TARIFF SYSTEM (HTS).

HARMONIZED TARIFF SYSTEM (HTS)
The international product classification system, an import code used for Customs and tariff purposes. It has a minimum of six digits, though some commodities include extra digits for more precise detail.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Articles or substances which could pose a significant risk to health, safety, or property, named in Hazardous Material Regulations CFR 49, issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation, or as defined by IATA (International Air Transport Association).
Also called DANGEROUS GOODS.

HEALTH CERTIFICATE
A document, issued by a licensed veterinarian, that qualifies a live mammal or bird for shipment.

HOUSE AIR WAYBILL (HAWB)
The detailed information for each individual portion of a consolidated shipment.

HUMAN REMAINS
The embalmed bodies of deceased individuals, as well as skeletons, tissue samples, internal organs, and blood.

IATA CARRIER
An airline member of IATA (International Air Transport Association).

IGLOO
A container shaped to fit into the main deck of a standard-body cargo aircraft.

IMMEDIATE EXPORTATION
A document issued at a shipment’s initial U.S. port of entry to accompany the shipment as it passes in bond through the U.S. en route to another country, where it will clear Customs.

IMMEDIATE TRANSPORT
A document issued at a shipment’s initial U.S. port of entry to show that the shipment is ready for transport to the location where it will clear Customs. If the routing changes, the immediate transport document must be amended to inform Customs of the shipment’s whereabouts.

IMPORT LICENSE
A government document that gives the recipient permission to import specified goods into the country issuing the document.

IMPORT TRAFFIC
Originating outside the United States.

IN BOND
Storage of merchandise in a bonded terminal or warehouse to await Customs clearance for entry into the country where the terminal or warehouse is located, or transshipment to another country.
See BONDED CARRIER.

INCOTERMS
International contract terms, defining the responsibilities of buyer and seller while a shipment is in transit. For definitions of all 13 INCOTERMS and a summary chart outlining buyer and seller responsibilities, see http://www.i-b-t.net/incoterms.html

INTERLINE
More than one carrier is involved.

INTERMODAL TRANSFER
The transfer of a shipment from one transportation mode to another, as from an aircraft to a truck.

INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION (IATA)
The global trade and service organization for airlines flying international routes. Among other things, IATA grants its members permission to accept, carry, and bill for air shipments.

INTERSTATE TRAFFIC
Traffic that crosses state lines, including import/export traffic when the origin/destination and port of exit/entry are in same state.

INTRASTATE TRAFFIC
Traffic within one state, not crossing any state lines and not export/import traffic.

ISSUING CARRIER
The carrier who issues an Air Waybill or Bill of Lading.

JOINT RATE
A rate applying via two or more carriers.

JOINT TRAFFIC
Freight moving from origin to destination via two or more carriers.

K.D.
Knocked down, i.e. articles taken apart to reduce the size of the shipping unit.

K.D.F.
Knocked down flat.

KNOWN SHIPPER
A shipper authorized to ship items weighing over 16 ounces via passenger air carriers when the shipment originates on an Air Way bill in the United States. To qualify for Known Shipper status, a shipper must apply and undergo an on-site inspection of his residence or place of business.
See UNKNOWN SHIPPER.

LEGAL HOLIDAYS
Local, state, or national holidays.

LESS-THAN-CONTAINER LOAD (LCL)
A container holding cargo from several shippers, each of whom provides a portion of the load. Shippers with too little cargo to fill an entire container work through a freight consolidator to arrange for LCL transportation.
(See CONSOLIDATOR).

LETTER OF CREDIT
A method by which a bank serves as an intermediary in a transaction to guarantee the flow of funds from buyer to seller, and delivery of goods to the buyer. The bank issues a letter specifying the precise conditions under which the bank may release the stated amount to the recipient. In a letter of credit transaction, the Carrier must have a written release from the bank listed on the Air Waybill or Bill of Lading before turning the cargo over to the consignee.

LOT
The number of individual pieces in a shipment traveling under a single Air Waybill or Bill of Lading.

LOT LABEL
A label or stencil applied to each individual piece of cargo in a shipment, identifying the shipment by the number of individual pieces; the shipment’s Air Waybill or Bill of Lading number; the actual weight of each piece; the shipment’s total actual weight; the shipment’s route and destination airport, seaport, or trucking terminal; and the shipment date.

LINE HAUL
Movement of freight between terminals in the origin and destination cities. Line haul does not include pickup and delivery service.

LIVE ANIMALS
All mammals (other than humans), as well as other sentient creatures including but not limited to birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, crustacea, shellfish, insects, and worms.

LOCAL RATE
A rate that applies to transportation over the lines or routes of one carrier only.

LOGISTICS
The management of all aspects and details of cargo movement.

LOOSE SHIPMENT
See BULK SHIPMENT.

MASTER AIR WAYBILL (MAWB)
An Air Waybill that shows a consolidator as a shipper of a consolidated shipment.

MASTER LOADER
An International Air Transport Association (IATA) agent who consolidates shipments for airlines.

MEMORANDUM TARIFF or MEMO TARIFF
A publication containing rate information and rules extracted from official tariffs. Amerijet publishes a Memorandum Tariff.

MERCHANDISE ENFORCEMENT TEAM (MET)
A special U.S. Customs group that concentrates on copyright and trademark violations associated with importation of fake goods.

MINIMUM CHARGE (MC)
The minimum amount which applies for the transportation of air cargo service, no matter how small the shipment.

MIXED CHARGES
The shipper and consignee split the charges for a shipment’s transportation.

MY CARGO
An interactive feature of the Amerijet Web site where registered Amerijet customers can track shipments and manage their accounts.

NEGOTIATED RATE
See CONTRACT RATE.

NET WEIGHT
The weight of a shipment’s contents, not including the weight of any unit load device in which it travels.

NON-STOP FLIGHT
A flight from origin to destination with no intermediate stops.

OFFLOAD
Taking the cargo out of the Carrier’s aircraft, vessel, or truck.

ON HAND (OH)
A shipment has arrived at a particular airport and awaits pickup by the customer.

OVERCHARGE
Freight charges higher than the tariff rate.

OVER-PIVOT WEIGHT
Weight that exceeds the pivot weight.
See PIVOT WEIGHT.

OVERSIZED FREIGHT
A piece or pieces which because of their dimensions, special tie-down requirements, top-loading restrictions, or floor-bearing weight limitations prevent other freight from being loaded on one or more carrier pallets.

PALLET
A platform or skid on which cargo sits, facilitating its movement with a forklift.
See UNIT LOAD DEVICE (ULD).

PERISHABLE SHIPMENTS
Those shipments that are subject to possible decay and/or deterioration due to temperature variations or inherent vice while in a Carrier’s possession.

PERSONAL EFFECTS
Wearing apparel, cosmetics, and toilet articles worn or used by an individual, not for resale.

PHYTOSANITARY INSPECTION CERTIFICATE
A document that the U.S. Department of Agriculture issues to certify that it inspected a shipment and found no evidence of pests or plant diseases. Some countries require such a certificate to accompany imported goods.

PICKUP
The act of calling for freight at the shipper’s dock.

PICKUP ORDER
A document that a broker or forwarder issues to authorize a Carrier to release a shipment to a third party.

PICKUP SERVICE
The surface carriage of outbound shipments from the point of pickup to the airport of departure.

PICKUP AND DELIVERY (P & D or PU & D)
Local movement of freight between the shipper’s pickup point and the originating terminal, or between the destination terminal and the consignee.

PIECES AND WEIGHT
Shipment size.

PIVOT WEIGHT
(for container rates) the weight at which an additional charge is incurred for each additional pound, or (for bulk rates) the actual weight at which the charge in a lower weight break exceeds the minimum rate for the next higher weight break.

PLATINUM
Platinum, platinum metals (palladium, iridium, ruthenium, osmium, and rhodium), and platinum alloys in un-manufactured form, i.e. grain, bar, sponge, ingot, sheet, rod, wire, tube, or strip.

PORT CODE
The unique code for each U.S. Customs port of entry.

PORT OF ENTRY
A place where Customs officers clear merchandise for entry into a country, collect duties, and enforce the country’s Customs laws.

POSITION
Space a unit load device occupies on a cargo aircraft.

PREPAID (PPD)
The shipper or a third party will pay transportation charges at the shipping point.

PRO NUMBER
A serial number assigned to an Air Waybill or Bill of Lading (one of a progressive series of numbers).

PRO FORMA INVOICE
A document that a seller gives a buyer before sending a shipment of goods, describing the merchandise and stating its value.
See COMMERCIAL INVOICE.

PROOF OF DELIVERY (POD)
A document sent to the shipper, showing date and time a shipment was delivered, and the signature of the recipient.

PUBLISHED RATEST
The rates in a Carrier’s published tariff for shipping cargo from a given origin to a given destination.
See MEMORANDUM TARIFF and TARIFF.

QUOTA
A number or quantity limit set by a country on the importation of a particular type of commodity. Importation above that limit may be prohibited or allowed only after payment of additional duties.

RATE
The price charged for a cargo shipment.

RATE STRUCTURE
A list of all prices a Carrier charges for cargo shipments according to specified criteria, such as a minimum charge, a charge by weight, or a commodity-based charge.

RECONSIGNMENT
Changing the consignee or destination on an Air Waybill or Bill of Lading prior to delivery.

RECOUP
means to put fresh bands or tape on a shipment that has come apart en route.

RECOVERY
The act of a consignee picking up cargo, or of a delivery service picking up cargo for delivery to the consignee.

RECOVERY TIME
The period between offloading of cargo and its readiness for recovery.

REEFER
Refrigerated equipment.

RESERVATION
A request to a Carrier to hold space for transportation of a specific shipment on a specific date in anticipation of a future booking.
See BOOKING.

RIDER
Documents for a portion of one shipment that is traveling with another shipment.

ROAD FEEDER SERVICE (RFS)
A trucking service that transports cargo from its pickup point to an air-freight carrier’s originating airport.

ROLLERBED TRUCK
A truck built for hauling unit load devices. It has rollers in the floor to help move the ULDs on and off.

ROUTING
The path over which a shipment moves from origin to destination.

SCHEDULE B NUMBER
A 10-digit export code that the U.S. Census Bureau uses to collect trade statistics.

SCHEDULED TIME OF ARRIVAL
A flight’s published arrival time, which is subject to change due to operating conditions.

SCHEDULED TIME OF DEPARTURE
A flight’s published departure time, which is subject to change due to operating conditions.

SHIPMENT
See CONSIGNMENT.

SHIPPER
The party contracting with the Carrier for carriage of the shipment.
See CONSIGNOR.

SHIPPER’S EXPORT DECLARATION (SED)
A document required for any single commodity valued for Customs at more than $2,500, for household and personal goods regardless of value, for all cargo except documents destined for certain Asian and Eastern European countries, and for shipments requiring an export license.

SHIPPER’S LETTER OF INSTRUCTION (SLI)
A document that a shipper uses to give a Carrier all necessary information about a shipment, and to empower the Carrier to issue an Air Waybill or Bill of Lading and sign it on the shipper’s behalf.

SMALL-PACKAGE EXPRESS (SPX)
Service for shipments of up to 60 pounds, with the highest boarding priority, the fastest transit time, and special attention throughout their journey.

SMALL-PACKAGE SERVICE (SPS)
Service for shipments of up to 60 pounds.

SPLIT SHIPMENT
A shipment under a single master Air Way Bill, divided for travel on separate flights, and sometimes entering a country through separate gateways.

SURVEYOR
An independent professional who reports the facts of a claim for damaged or missing cargo and advises the Carrier or insurance company on the amount of loss.

TARE WEIGHT
The weight of an empty unit loading device, or of an empty truck.

TARIFF
A publication that lists a schedule of transportation and charges, setting forth the rates and charges for services that a Carrier will perform for the general public.
See MEMORANDUM TARIFF and PUBLISHED RATES.

TENDER
The act of presenting cargo to the Carrier for acceptance at the Carrier’s originating location.

THIRD PARTY
A person or entity, unrelated to the shipper or consignee, who is responsible for payment of the freight charges.

THROUGH RATE
The rate from origin to final destination.

TRUCKLOAD (TL)
Either a full truck or enough weight to qualify for a truckload rate.

TRANSBORDER
Shipping to an adjacent country, such as from the U.S. to Canada.

TRANSFER MANIFEST
The document issued when a Carrier transfers interline cargo, and endorsed by the Carrier receiving the cargo.

TRANSFER POINT
An intermediate destination through which a shipment must pass en route to its final destination. Often an intermodal transfer occurs at a transfer point.
See INTERMODAL TRANSFER and TRANSFER TIME.

TRANSFER TIME
The additional time required to move a shipment from its intermediate destination to its final destination.

TRANSPORT AIR CARGO MANIFEST (TACM)
A document prepared at a U.S. port of entry for a shipment or shipments traveling on to another airport where U.S. Customs clearance will occur.

TRANSPORTATION AND EXPORTATION (T & E)
A document prepared at a U.S. port of entry for a shipment passing through the U.S. en route to another country without requiring Customs clearance.

UNIT LOAD
The individual items that comprise the contents of a unit load device.

UNIT LOAD DEVICE (ULD)
A container, pallet, or other apparatus for holding cargo within a space that conforms to a loading position within an aircraft.

“UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” or “THE UNITED STATES” or “THE U.S.A.” or “U.S.”
The area comprising the 48 contiguous federated states; The Federal District of Columbia; Alaska; the Hawaiian Islands; Puerto Rico; the U.S. Virgin Islands; American Samoa; and Canton, Guam, Midway, and Wake Islands.

UNKNOWN SHIPPER
A shipper who has not been approved as a Known Shipper. Unknown Shippers may not ship items weighing over 16 ounces via passenger air carriers when the shipment originates on an Amerijet Air Waybill in the United States.
See KNOWN SHIPPER.

U.S. PACKAGE SERVICE
Service providing personal U.S. post-office box mailing addresses to international customers to give to vendors who require a U.S. mailing address. This service enables customers anywhere in the world to receive shipments from their favorite U.S. catalogs and Web sites.

VALUABLE CARGO
Any shipment which contains one or more of the following:

Any article having a declared value for carriage of $450.00 or more, per pound.

Gold bullion (including refined and unrefined gold in ingot form), doré bullion, gold specie and gold only in the form of grain, sheet, foil, powder, sponge, wire, rod, tube, circles, moldings or castings; platinum; platinum metals (palladium, iridium, ruthenium, osmium and rhodium), and platinum alloys in the form of grain, sponge, bar, ingot, sheet, rod, wire, gauze, tube or strip (but excluding radioactive isotopes of the above metals and alloys which are subject to Hazardous Material Regulations, CFR 49, issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation).

Legal banknotes; traveler’s checks; securities; shares; share coupons; and stamps (excluding mint).

Diamonds (including diamonds for industrial use), rubies, emeralds, sapphires, opals, real pearls, and cultured pearls.

Jewelry consisting of diamonds, rubies, emeralds, sapphires, opals, real pearls, and cultured pearls.

Credit cards – blank, unissued.

See ARTICLES OF EXTRAORDINARY VALUE.

VALUATION CHARGE
An additional charge a shipper must pay when he declares a higher value for carriage than the Carrier’s limits of liability.
See DECLARED VALUE FOR CARRIAGE.

VALUATION FOR CARRIAGE
See DECLARED VALUE FOR CARRIAGE.

VALUE FOR CUSTOMS
See DECLARED VALUE FOR CUSTOMS.

VOLUME WEIGHT
See DIMENSIONAL WEIGHT.

VOLUMETRIC WEIGHT
See DIMENSIONAL WEIGHT.

WAREHOUSE RECEIPT (W/R)
A document issued at a warehouse to acknowledge acceptance of goods stored there to await transport, pickup, or delivery.

WAREHOUSE TRANSFER
Movement of inbound cargo from one bonded warehouse to another.

WEIGHT BREAK
The boundary between two adjacent weight ranges, with the higher range enjoying a lower per-pound or per-kilogram freight rate (equivalent to a volume discount).

WITHOUT RESERVE
Granting a shipper’s agent or representative the power to make decisions without consulting the shipper.